[ November 4, 1928 - February 9, 1989 ]
was born in Toyonaka, Japan, on November 3, 1928 and is passed away on February 9, 1989 at the age of 60. He was a comic book author, animator and Japanese director.
For his techniques, styles and genres, for the avant-garde era, he has earned him the nicknames of father of manga
or even god of manga
(Manga no Kamisama) .
One of the hallmarks of Japanese animation, the big eyes
, was invented by Tezuka, which was based on cartoons from the era such as Betty Boop
by Max Fleischer
and Mickey Mouse
by Walt Disney
. To get an idea of its productivity, the volume Complete Manga Works of Tezuka Osamu
published in Japan includes over 400 volumes and more than 80,000 pages, but, despite this, the collection is not complete; in fact, its complete production includes over 700 stories and a total of around 170,000 tables.
Already at a very young age his passion for drawing was encouraged by his parents, in his hometown Takarazuka, in the prefecture of Hỵgo. But despite this, Osamu becomes a doctor graduating from the University of Osaka in 1952, a profession he will never practice.
In fact, they will be the first years of university in which his first stories will be published as Manga. But success will come with the story Shin Takarajima
, a story that will bring it to the attention of the general public.
The following works are dedicated to science fiction: Lost World - Zenseiki
(1949) and Kitaru beki sekai
(1951), which they have a sales boom with over 400,000 copies each.
However, the most famous character of Tezuka's production comes to life in 1951: Tetsuwan Atom
), a character who has had (and still has) a unique success and absolutely unparalleled in the history of Japanese comics. In 1963 Astro Boy was adapted as animated series, the first animated series transmitted by Japanese television.
1954 is an important year. On the magazine "Shojo Club", Ribbon no kishi
(The Princess Sapphire
) born, which is considered by many today the first shojo
manga (comic for girls), which will have a following in 1959 and a second publication revised and corrected in 1963.
In the same year Tezuka's most ambitious project began: Hi no Tori
), defined by the author himself as "the work of life". It that tells the story of humanity and the vain search for immortality on the part of mankind, symbolized, in fact, by the Phoenix. The series was interrupted, after twelve chapters, by the disappearance of the author in 1989.
The role of mangaka is not enough to definy Tezuka, who also becomes an animator, declaring several times that the comic is the real wife, the animation the lover
. In 1958 he collaborated with the production company Toei Doga
for the realization of the animated feature Saiyuki
But a few years later the Master founded his animation house, the Tezuka Osamu Production Doga-bu
, which became in 1963 the Mushi Production
("mushi" means insect, and it is a kanji often used by Tezuka to write his name).
In 1971 Tezuka abandoned the Mushi, which failed in 1973, to devote himself to his new company, the Tezuka Production
, founded in Tokyo.
[ source: Wikipedia - IMDB ]